European PHES atlas

The ANU is currently mapping pumped hydro energy storage sites throughout Europe – with detailed information for individual countries to follow. Protected areas have been excluded from these maps.

Fig. 1. Potential PHES locations in Europe. Red areas are highly prospective with potential heads better than 800 m. Other colours are also attractive, although with lower potential heads. Please note that this and the following image are equivalent except for the base map.

Fig. 2. Potential PHES locations in Europe. Red areas are highly prospective with potential heads better than 800 m. Other colours are also attractive, although with lower potential heads.

These sites were found using algorithms with defined search criteria within a geographic information system (GIS) platform. This platform was used to find detailed information, such as head, reservoir areas, and storage capacity. This list is not yet exhaustive. We are also in the process of developing a cost model that will determine the least cost option for the tunnelling between two reservoirs, and therefore the location of the lower reservoir. The Australian atlas can be accessed through the link below for reference – the additional information mentioned above will be available in future releases of the atlas.

Resources

The following Google Maps links provide the locations of the PHES sites (the reservoirs can be seen using the Google Earth files linked below). These links show the upper reservoirs and Class A upper reservoirs, respectively. The upper reservoirs have 40m dam wall height. The csv files contain all identified upper reservoirs; and the kml files are generated for reservoirs with W/R ratio >= 3 for visualization. The Class A paired reservoirs have been selected such that each upper reservoir with volume >= 1GL and W/R ratio >= 5, is shown with eligible lower reservoirs (20m dam wall height). Specifications for eligible pairs are: minimum head = 200m; upper reservoirs dam wall height = 40m; lower reservoir reservoirs dam wall height = 20m; minimum W/R ratio = 5 (where W = volume of stored water and R = volume of rock in the reservoir wall); minimum reservoir volume = 1 GL (corresponding approximately to 1 GWh of energy storage for 400m head); maximum distance between upper/lower reservoir pairs = 10km and minimum H/D ratio = 1:10 (where H = head and D = horizontal distance between upper and lower reservoirs).

Google Map link for EU upper reservoir locations

Google Map link for EU Class A upper reservoir locations

All files for the European upper and Class A paired reservoirs can be downloaded HERE.

An atlas of pumped hydro energy storage (pdf, 46 K)

Please refer to our Google Earth FAQs for more information.

The following pumped storage facilities have been marked on the maps below, which are again identical except for the base map. The facilities are ranked below by head (elevation difference between top and bottom reservoir):

Name Country Capacity (MW) Head (m)
Lago Bianco Pumped Hydro Storage Power StationSwitzerland1,0001,300
Edolo Pumped Storage PlantItaly1,0001,265
Chiotas Hydro Power Plant (Entracque Pumped Storage)Italy1,1841,050
Grand'Maison Dam Pumped Storage Power PlantFrance1,820920
Roncovalgrande (Lago Delio) Hydroelectric PlantItaly1,000740
Dinorwig Power StationUK1,728520
La Muela Pumped-Storage PlantSpain2,000500
Domenico Cimarosa (Presenzano) Hydroelectric PlantItaly1,000500
Goldisthal Pumped Storage Power StationGermany1,060300
Markersbach Pumped Storage Power PlantGermany1,050300
Vianden Pumped Storage PlantLuxembourg1,096300
Coo-Trois-Ponts Hydroelectric Power StationBelgium1,164< 300
Dniester Pumped Storage Power StationUkraine2,268130

Finally, the Zagorsk Pumped Storage Station in Russia has a capacity 1,200 MW, and a head of 100 m, but lies outside the boundaries of this map.

Fig. 3. Potential PHES locations in Europe with locations of current PHES facilities. Red areas are highly prospective with potential heads better than 800 m. Other colours are also attractive, although with lower potential heads. Please note that this and the following image are equivalent except for the base map.

Fig. 4. Potential PHES locations in Europe with locations of current PHES facilities. Red areas are highly prospective with potential heads better than 800 m. Other colours are also attractive, although with lower potential heads.

Updated:  11 February 2019/ Responsible Officer:  RE100 Leader/ Page Contact:  RE100 Webmaster