Gory details

Links to all of the data sources used within the 100% renewable NEM model can be found on this page. Data for potential pumped hydro energy storage sites can be found on this website.


Solar and wind data

AEMO 100 per cent renewable study - modelling outcomes


Load profiles and generation mix (XLSX, 9.9 M) Warning – opening "Profiles" tab will require time and computing power.

Solar and wind data

Hourly solar and wind data for the NEM (National Electricity Market) region was used in the modelling, which comes from the AEMO 100% renewables study in 2012-13 [1, 2]. The NEM region was divided into 43 locational polygons (Figure 1) and the representative traces of solar and wind power generation time-series for each polygon were derived on an hourly basis. In our study, large-scale solar farms are deployed in the polygons 3, 6, 10, 16, 23, 30, 33, 34, 35, 27 and windfarms are deployed in the polygons 3, 6, 10, 16, 23, 24, 30, 31, 35, 36, 26, 32, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 43. This is to exploit the best solar and wind resources in the eastern and southern states while in proximity to existing transmission network. Sensitive areas such as national parks have been excluded, as well as the coastal regions of Queensland and New South Wales due to the risk of cyclone.

The average capacity factor for a 1-axis tracking PV system is expected to be 23%, based on the Australian Renewable Energy Agency large scale solar grant round [3]. To incorporate this, the original solar data was scaled down from an average capacity factor of AC 34% to DC 23%. In addition, to reflect the trends of using larger wind turbines such as 3 MW wind turbine [4], the original wind data was scaled up from 40% to 42%.

Fig. 1. Polygon map for renewable energy resources.


[1] Australian Energy Market Operator, "100 per cent renewables study - Modelling assumptions and input," 2012.

[2] Australian Energy Market Operator, "100 per cent renewables study - Modelling outcomes," 2013.

[3] Australian Renewable Energy Agency, "ARENA large-scale solar PV competitive round: EOI Application Data," 2016.

[4] ABC News. (2015). Jamestown Hornsdale wind farm 'productivity' helped secure ACT energy contract. Available: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-02-09/jamestown-wind-farm-productivity-helps-secure-act/6079978

Updated:  14 December 2017/ Responsible Officer:  RE100 Leader/ Page Contact:  RE100 Webmaster